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Objectively Reasonable: The legal standard used to determine the lawfulness and appropriateness of a use of force is the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution. See Graham versus Connor, 490 U.S. 386 (1989). Graham states in part, The reasonableness of a particular use of force must be judged from the perspective of a reasonable officer on the scene, rather than with the 20/20 vision of hindsight. The calculus of reasonableness must embody allowance for the fact that police officers are often forced to make split-second judgments - in circumstances that are tense, uncertain and rapidly evolving - about the amount of force that is necessary in a particular situation. The test of reasonableness is not capable of precise definition or mechanical application. The force must be reasonable under the circumstances known to the officer at the time the force was used. Therefore, the Department examines all uses of force from an objective standard, rather than a subjective standard. (2009 LAPD Manual 1/556.10)

FORCE INVESTIGATION DIVISION

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

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